Early years[ edit ] Han a diminutive version of Henri or Henricus van Meegeren was born in as the third of five children of middle-class Roman Catholic parents in the provincial city of Deventer. He was the son of Augusta Louisa Henrietta Camps and Hendrikus Johannes van Meegeren, a French and history teacher at the Kweekschool training college for schoolteachers in the city of Deventer. He was often forced by his father to write a hundred times, “I know nothing, I am nothing, I am capable of nothing. Korteling had been inspired by Johannes Vermeer and showed the young van Meegeren how Vermeer had manufactured and mixed his colours. Korteling had rejected the Impressionist movement and other modern trends as decadent, degenerate art , and his strong personal influence probably later led van Meegeren to rebuff contemporary styles and paint exclusively in the style of the Dutch Golden Age. In , van Meegeren, compelled by his father’s demands, left home to study at the Technische Hogeschool Delft Technical College in Delft , the hometown of Johannes Vermeer. He easily passed his preliminary examinations but, because he did not wish to become an architect, he never took the Ingenieurs final examination. This building still exists. On 18 April , van Meegeren married fellow art student Anna de Voogt who was expecting their first child. Jacques van Meegeren also became a painter; he died on 26 October in Amsterdam.
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India’s August annual retail inflation eases to 3. A vegetables vendor speaks on his phone as he waits for customers at a market area in Mumbai, India, September 12, Falling domestic currency could accentuate the impact of rising oil prices on inflation. We expect this double-whammy of weakening rupee and rising oil prices to exert upward pressure on inflation in the coming months.
The recent surge in core inflation is primarily driven by rising costs of housing and transportation. We expect core inflation to remain sticky in the coming months due to rising transportation costs.
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Forged document identification by ink aging technique
However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage. Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo.
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One, dating from June , is written in French, and describes the Germans’ secret ink formula, showing they had cracked the enemy’s code. A document written in French reveals they had cracked the Germans’ secret formula for making invisible ink Another describes how to carry invisible ink in your clothes.
The best means for developing are iodite of potassium. Instructions include ‘examine through powerful beams of light directed on surface at different angles’ and ‘run a warm iron over the surface’. One of the documents is an extract from a pamphlet written by a Theodore Kytka, a San Francisco handwriting expert, which was designed to teach postal inspectors how to recognise invisible ink. Painstakingly-detailed documents describe the different methods which could be used to read documents written in invisible ink It lists 50 scenarios in which the ink could be used, including ‘placing writings under postage stamps, wrapping messages in medicine capsules and engraving messages Mix five of drams of copper acetol arsenate and add three ounces acetone.
Add one pint of amyl alcohol fusil-oil. Heat in water bath – steam rising will dissolve the sealing material of its mucilage, wax or oil 4. The mixture ‘may be carried for example in handkerchiefs or starched collars’. The article thus treated is later on again put in water and a solution obtained, which can be used for invisible ink. And a chemist who supplied some of the chemicals warns the ink may be toxic enough to corrode a steel pen, so a quill should be used instead.
Despite the seemingly old-fashioned nature of the instructions, a spokesman for the CIA said the documents have only now been released because recent advances in the chemistry of secret ink and the lighting methods used to detect it have made the secrets obsolete. Steve Aftergood, from the Federation of American Scietists, said:
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This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler’s literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
E6 Kylie Page isn’t feeling well after getting her tonsils out, and her stepbrother Tony wants to help her out. He tries bringing her ice cream and popsicles while enjoying an eyeful of her big boobs in a bra and her bare pussy in her sheer thong. He suggests that maybe a warm drink would help, and since they don’t have coffee or tea he offers some warm cum. Kylie agrees, then lays back as Tony starts stroking his big dick. She helps him jerk off, using her hands and her puffy lips until she’s deep throating his stiffie until she gets a mouthful of jizz that gives her instant relief.
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Yes, forensic document examiners are handwriting experts, but forensic document examiners do not usually use the term handwriting expert to refer to themselves. The courts and attorneys commonly use the term handwriting expert; however, most forensic document examiners believe the term handwriting expert is too limiting. Forensic document examiners perform a much wider range examinations than handwriting examination, comparison, and identification.
It is true that handwriting examination is the bulk of the work performed by most forensic document examiners. Forensic document examiners examine handwriting and signatures to identify and eliminate potential writers and detect forgery.
DO YOU KNOW THE OLDEST ART EVER FOUND? Oldest Works of Stone Age Art. History of Art Our coverage of Prehistoric art features the oldest art from across the globe. Dating to the lower Paleolithic era of the Stone Age between , and , BCE, it includes the strange phenomenon of cupules, the Venuses of Berekhat Ram and Tan-Tan, and the Blombos Cave petroglyphs.
Enter Characters from Left: The first ink dating method is the static approach, which determines when the ink being examined was manufactured. The second ink dating method is the dynamic approach, this method is to determine when the writing occurred, or in simple terms, how long the ink has been on the paper. The ink dating static approach is typically more useful as the difference between the date on the document and the present time increases. Several different tests exist in this form of ink dating.
These ink dating methods include the comparison of the examined ink to a known library of standards, commonly called the library approach, the detection of chemical date tags placed in the ink purposefully by the manufacturer, commonly called the date tag method, and also the determination of the type of ink writing instrument used. The determination of the type of writing instrument is probably the oldest method of ink dating. This ink dating method primarily involves microscopic examinations and can also incorporate some basic chemical solubility testing.
Some examinations can be performed on fountain pens to determine type of nib, type of ink and the first date of introduction of each of these. However, since this is a very small portion of the actual type of cases seen, we will concentrate primarily on more recent developments. Other pages discuss the use of infrared to discriminate the differences between inks that visually and microscopically look identical.
The next step would be the most basic ink dating form of thin layer chromatography TLC testing to determine if two or more inks are the same or different formulations.
Ink dating on cheque – ni act
Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question. Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? MERGE exists and is an alternate of. In fact there are probably less than 10 world wide. Be aware that in Windows, there are several dates associated with a file.
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Share ‘For every one degree drop in average temperature, there are around 8, extra deaths. The March figures are still provisional. Malcolm Booth, chief executive of the National Federation of Occupational Pensioners, said that last month almost of his members had died, compared with last year. Snow the Welsh town of Llangollen which was cut off by road except for four wheel drive vehicles Trapped: A motorist drives slowly past another vehicle that has been trapped in snow near Belfast ‘An increase in fuel costs and the extended winter means that more people are going to suffer, and more will be unable to afford to eat and heat their homes.
It’s a scary prospect. The body of a year-old man who went missing while walking home from a night out was found in deep snow in farmland near Burnley, Lancashire, yesterday afternoon. Police said the man would not be named until all family members had been informed. A sheep with her lamb left that was born during the heavy snowfall and blizzards that hit County Durham overnight and right Six-year-old Polly Johns and four-year-old brother Dylan enjoy sledging in Kington, Herefordshire A soldier stands on guard during a snow shower on the first day the soldiers are wearing their summer red tunics outside Buckingham Palace ‘I would urge people to only go out if it is necessary.
Power lines were down in Northern Ireland, Scotland and North Wales, leaving 50, homes without electricity. Ulster was hardest-hit, with 29, properties without power and 1, without water. The transport network was also crippled. East Midlands, Leeds, Robin Hood Doncaster and Humberside Airports were all forced temporarily to close runways for snow and ice to be cleared.
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The reason for the date code is so that Southworth can tell what year the paper was made. Southworth has received numerous calls asking if we can determine when a particular sheet of our paper was made. On approximately half of the calls we receive, we identify that the paper was made after the document states it was written.
One of the calls that Southworth received was from Mr. Dawson wrote the following article explaining first hand how important a date-coded watermark can be.
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Massachusetts Areas of Expertise: Document examinations are provided in The Expert of Experts Location: Multiple Locations Areas of Expertise: He is frequently retained to investigate matters involving wills, checks, contracts, New York Areas of Expertise: California Areas of Expertise:
Click for pdf version Erich J. This paper describes an independent assessment of the reliability of techniques currently in use in the United States for determining the relative age of writing inks. Although considerable practice and experience was required to become proficient in the use of these procedures, it was found that all of the methods are useful for estimating the age of inks on questioned documents.
Opinions of ink dating chemists, both government and private, differ on the reliability of the above described ink aging methods.
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Keith Ray surveys the four great Chinese inventions that have changed the World. Over thousands of years China has produced a great stream of inventions, ranging from the mundane chopstick and wheelbarrow, to sophisticated earthquake detectors and the advanced concept of bank notes. But in China there are four inventions traditionally referred to as the Four Great Inventions.
These are paper, gunpowder, the compass and printing. Paper Interestingly the word ‘paper’ is derived from ‘papyrus’. Around 2, BC the Egyptians in the lower Nile region discovered that a type of reed, papyrus, could be formed into a writing surface by overlapping thin strips which had been soaked for a long time in water, and then pounding and pressing it into a sheet. But it wasn’t really paper as we know it, and it was difficult to write on, and expensive.
But it was an improvement over the materials previously used for writing on, like bone, wood and stone. The invention of paper as we know it came in China around AD. In fact the earliest paper is very similar to modern paper in concept and technology. The inventor of paper is traditionally assumed to be Chai Lun or Ts’ai Lun , who was the head of a royal workshop in 2nd century China.
However recent archaeological evidence suggests paper was in use in China two hundred years earlier.